Rights and Reproduction
The Seattle Public Library has conducted extensive research to ascertain any possible legal rights embodied in the materials in the Library's online special collections. Many items in the Library's online special collections are in the public domain and are not subject to copyright protection. However, the nature of historical, archival and manuscript collections often makes it difficult to determine the exact copyright status of an item. Thus, some of the materials provided here online are made available under an assertion of fair use (17 U.S.C. 107). In making determinations of fair use for individual items or collections, the Library has followed the Association of Research Libraries' Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries and the Columbia University Libraries/Information Services Copyright Advisory Office Fair Use Checklist.
Whenever possible, The Seattle Public Library provides all known information about copyright owners and other restrictions in the information, or metadata, associated with digital items or collections. The Seattle Public Library provides this information to assist users in determining the copyright status of an item. Ultimately, however, it is the user's responsibility to use material according to the terms governing its use.
The written permission of any copyright owners, and/or any other rights holders, may be required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items that extends beyond fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment and independently securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use particular items in the context of the intended use.
The Seattle Public Library welcomes any objections or suggestions to online use by the copyright owners and will make every effort to address these issues as they arise.
Site users are welcome to download and print low-resolution images for personal use. (To download or print an individual image, click the "download" or "print" button above the image.) To request a full-resolution copy of an image, please contact the Library.
Image requests should include the following information:
- Identifier number of the requested image
- Details about how the image will be used
- Reproduction requirements (e.g., image resolution, file type, etc.)
The Seattle Public Library generally does not charge use fees for materials in its online special collections.